An Argument in Support of Taxing and Regulating Sports Betting in India

In recent years, the online gaming industry in India has expanded at an exponential rate, owing to the proliferation of inexpensive smartphones and affordable, high-speed internet. This market segment is estimated to be worth billions of dollars, with sports wagering and gambling constituting a substantial portion of it. Considering that the latter is predominantly raja567 unregulated, clandestine, and tax-exempt, Indian policymakers have the opportunity to identify tax opportunities and implement regulations based on the ‘Indian model.’ It will aid in safeguarding the government’s interests as well as those of consumers.

Regarding the GST and Online Betting, what is the optimal balance?

At present, the Indian wagering market is being serviced by offshore operators that operate outside the jurisdiction of Indian legislation. Numerous underlying factors contribute to this phenomenon; however, the fact remains that lakhs and crores of rupees continue to travel into and out of the country without the tax authorities being able to exploit this opportunity.

Assume, for the sake of argument, that the necessary infrastructure is established to facilitate accurate taxation and monitoring of wagering revenues. The inquiry subsequently arises:

Customers, the wagering operator/service provider, or both, are subject to taxation.
How is the Goods and Services Tax imposed?
What is the rate of taxation implemented?
Perhaps in this regard, the United States, Singapore, and other khelo24bet login developed nations in the European Union and throughout the world can offer us some insight. These geographical areas have established a tax framework for online gaming that requires consistent tax revenue from sports betting operators and gambling establishments.

To put it plainly, gambling houses are required to pay a flat tax on rake fees. It is generally advised that the tax rate in question should not surpass 20 percent.

The rake fee refers to the sum that the gambling service provider receives in exchange for facilitating the wagering process among the participants. Consider it a commission that you remunerate to the poker or wagering site in exchange for access to its platform.


Rake fees can be considered as a form of “profits” for gaming providers. This is due to the fact that, mathematically speaking, rake fees are simply the difference between the total payments made to the provider and the prizes or winnings distributed to customers. While there are additional complexities at play, it is logical to tax gambling houses on their earnings 4rabet as opposed to the entire amount of stakes they manage, as illustrated below.

This is known as the “deemed credit model,” and its operation is as follows:


The stake value, which comprises the total amount that participants pool and wager in order to participate in the game on the platform or gambling house, is subject to taxation. Nevertheless, the platform provides a tax credit or deduction for payouts, thereby effectively diminishing the tax obligation to the net amount (i.e., the stake value minus the winnings).

At present, India has implemented the latter paradigm to a limited extent in the realm of horse betting. According to the excerpt from ENV Media’s market research titled “Sports Betting, India’s Favourite Invisible Giant” concerning horse race betting in India, all face value wagers placed at the turf clubs are subject to a fixed 28 percent GST.


In lieu of taxing the entire wager, the racecourse betting operators have requested that the GST be levied only on the total commission/service fees. The action in question has jeopardized the overall sustainability of the system and the financial viability of the service providers, prompting clients to resorted to illicit market activities. For the same reason that the prescribed tax rate on rake fees does not exceed 20%, this is to deter operators and players from using the black market in lieu of the licensing system.

Therefore, all things considered, the online gaming industry should be subject to GST. In order to promote active involvement in the system and sustain the appeal of the markets for new investors, rake fees should ideally be applied to the entire amount wagered, as opposed to the complete amount handled by the gambling establishment.

Leviating Taxes on Bettors

After examining the perspective of the operators, we shall now turn our attention to the consumers and bettors. Present-day Indian consumers are exceptionally technologically literate, as they strive to optimize their earnings through comprehensive research and game knowledge. In the context of sports wagering, valuable cricket betting advice obtained from various online sources has enabled bettors to achieve long-term profitability. Consequently, as their winnings increase, it is only just that they be subject to a reasonable tax burden.

One potential approach is to adopt the Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) model. At present, India has implemented a uniform tax rate of 30 percent on gambling proceeds surpassing Rs.10,000 at sites offering poker and rummy, in accordance with Section 194B of the Income Tax Act. Implementing the system in sports wagering should prove to be relatively straightforward, given its current state. Nevertheless, the operation of offshore sports wagering sites presents a significant obstacle in implementing the system.

An alternative approach would necessitate that individuals include their sports wagering winnings on their annual tax returns, after which they would be subject to a fixed-rate tax. This requires policymakers to conduct a little more research and effort. Additionally, it is assumed that clients will conscientiously complete their yearly tax returns, disclosing any income generated from sports wagering and gambling.

The Prospects for Taxes on Betting

Based on a report by KPMG examining the online gaming industry in India, it is estimated that the nation’s wagering earnings surpassed $130 billion in 2018. Consequently, the untaxed revenue in this country may contribute to India’s plan for a trillion-dollar economy.

Establishing a licensing and regulatory body in India, comparable to the UK Gambling Commission or the Malta Gaming Authority, is the initial step. This body is tasked with establishing the code of conduct and practices that govern the provision of services by foreign operators within the country. The aforementioned regulatory body will oversee the issuance of operating licenses to wagering sites and oversee the regulation of all types of gambling in India. In addition to supervising the operators’ income and other financial aspects, the governing body will ensure equitable operations and accurate taxation in the area.

Regarding the clients, requiring the linking of a PAN Card or Aadhaar Card to wagering sites during account creation can facilitate the monitoring of tax obligations, whether through TDS or tax declaration at the end of the fiscal year.

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